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Level 7 (CEFR B1)

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  1. Lesson 1 | Is he the One?
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  2. Lesson 2 | I Love Shepherd's Pie
    7 Temas
    |
    2 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | What are you going to do?
    7 Temas
    |
    6 Cuestionarios
  4. Lesson 4 | You have been working too much
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | Eating Out
    5 Temas
    |
    2 Cuestionarios
  6. Lesson 6 | Job search
    7 Temas
  7. Lesson 7 | Consumer society
    7 Temas
    |
    6 Cuestionarios
  8. Lesson 8 | ARTICLES
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 | Obligations, suggestions, and prohibitions
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  10. Lesson 10 | Money
    5 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  11. Lesson 11 | Ability and Possibility
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  12. Lesson 12 | EVERYONE WAS BORED!
    7 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  13. Lesson 13 | Old Me, New Me
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  14. Lesson 14 | He had rehearsed it all…
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  15. Lesson 15 | Let’s Get Sporty!
    6 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  16. Lesson 16 | Narrative - A family trip
    5 Temas
Lección 4, Tema 3
En Progreso

Lesson 4 – Step 3 – Present perfect continuous- present perfect

PROGRESO DE LA LECCIÓN
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Goal

It’s time to learn about the present perfect continuous tense and to compare it with one that you already know: the present perfect simple.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide! Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.


Language Discovery

Look at the words in blue in the text on step 1. What do they have in common?

  •  They are in present perfect (have + VPP).

Look at the words in green in the text on step 1. What do they have in common?

  •  They are in present perfect continuous (have+been+V.ing).

Present Perfect + For and Since

  • We use the present perfect to talk about actions in the past, when it isn’t important or we don’t know when they happened.

Have you finished your homework?

I have been to Miami many times.

  • We use the present perfect + For and Since to talk about something that started in the past but is still true now.

We’ve been married for 20 years.

  • We use  How long…? To ask about an unfinished period of time.

How long have you been married?   




Use for + a period of time
I’ve lived in this house… for two years
for a week
for three hours
Use since + a moment in time
I’ve lived in this house… since last month
since Tuesday
since 2004

Present  Perfect Continuous

have/has + been + V.ing
+You‘ve been working too hard
She hasn’t been eating very much
?How long have I been telling you?

Use the present perfect continuous..

  • to talk about actions that have been happening very recently. They have just finished or have evident present results.
  • with for and since to talk about actions that started in the past and are still true now (the same as with the present perfect).
 

For and Since: Simple vs Continuous

For actions that started in the past and are still true now…

  • with “action verbs” (e.g. play, eat) we use the present perfect continuous.
    • I’ve been playing handball for two years.
  • with “stative verbs” ( e.g. decide, love), we only use the present perfect simple.
    • I’ve loved you since the moment I first saw you.
  • With the verbs live and work, you can use both the present perfect simple and continuous with a very similar meaning
    • We’ve worked here since 2018.
    • We’ve been working here since 2018.

Conclusión

Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 4 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.