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Level 5 (CEFR A2+)

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  1. Lesson 1| A million questions
    6 Temas
    |
    7 Cuestionarios
  2. Lesson 2 | Tell me all about them!
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | Writing an Article
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  4. Lesson 4 | I wasn’t ready when it happened
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | Storyteller
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  6. Lesson 6 | Future Tenses
    6 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  7. Lesson 7 | This season is going to be very interesting
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  8. Lesson 8 | I haven’t seen that in years!
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 | Cinema session
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  10. Lesson 10 | Anything you like
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  11. Lesson 11 | Nothing compares...
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  12. Lesson 12 | World city survey
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  13. Lesson 13 | SKILLS
    4 Temas
  14. Lesson 14 | BBC News
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
Lección 1, Tema 3
En Progreso

Lesson 1 – Step 3 – Word order in questions

PROGRESO DE LA LECCIÓN
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Objetivo

It’s time to learn about how to organise words in a question, where  each word goes.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide! Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.


aquí pondremos un video propio de trainlang

GENERAL NOTIONS

To ask questions we need Auxiliaries. What is an Auxiliary? It is a word that helps the main verb in different situations. The auxiliary indicates the tense, if the subject is the 3rd person singular, or whether  the sentence is negative. Today we will discuss how to use an auxiliary in questions.

 The structure in a question is the following:

(Wh- word) + Auxiliary + Subject + Infinitive +  Complement?

The auxiliary is like a porter: He carries the information about the verb.

e.g: Do you understand the story? Does she understand the story? 

EXAMPLE
|

Do you understand the story?

Does she understand the story?

Thanks to the auxiliary do, we know it is present and in the second example we know it is the 3rd person singular because the auxiliary does indicates so.

There is one exception: with the verb TO BE. We can call it a Master verb, one that doesn’t need a helper.


The verb to be doesn’t need any helper, it carries all the information itself .

EXAMPLE
|

Are you ready?

Is she ready?

We know it is present and it is the 3rd person because the verb be  indicates so.

In that case the word order for questions is as follows:

(Wh- word) + Be + Subject + Complement?

Be vs other verbs in questions

Look at these examples from the exercise in step 1. Pay attention to the word order and the difference between be and other verbs.

  • What do you do  for work?
  • Where did you  meet her?
  • What is  her favourite colour?
  • Is she your friend?

Can

Can is also an auxiliary verb (like do and did). 

EXAMPLE
|

Can you spell your name?

Here, spell is the main verb and can is the auxiliary.

Conclusión

Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 4 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.