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Level 5 (CEFR A2+)

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  1. Lesson 1| A million questions
    6 Temas
    |
    7 Cuestionarios
  2. Lesson 2 | Tell me all about them!
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | Writing an Article
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  4. Lesson 4 | I wasn’t ready when it happened
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | Storyteller
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  6. Lesson 6 | Future Tenses
    6 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  7. Lesson 7 | This season is going to be very interesting
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  8. Lesson 8 | I haven’t seen that in years!
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 | Cinema session
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  10. Lesson 10 | Anything you like
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  11. Lesson 11 | Nothing compares...
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  12. Lesson 12 | World city survey
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  13. Lesson 13 | SKILLS
    4 Temas
  14. Lesson 14 | BBC News
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
Lección 2, Tema 3
En Progreso

Lesson 2 – Step 3 – Present simple and present continuous

PROGRESO DE LA LECCIÓN
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Goal

It’s time to continue learning about two very useful tenses: the present simple and the present continuous.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide! Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.


aquí pondremos un video propio de trainlang

Language Discovery

Look at the words in blue in the text in step 1. What do they have in common?

  • They are all in the present continuous

Look at the words in green in the text on step 1. What do they have in common?

  • They are all in the present simple

Present Simple

I / you / we / theyhe / she / it
+We play tennis on SaturdaysHe plays tennis on Saturdays
You don’t come to our department very oftenShe doesn’t come to our department very often
?Do they work in your department too?Does she work in your department too?
  • We use the present simple to talk about:
    • things we do regularly (routines).
    • things which are generally true.
    • things that always happen.
  • He, she, and it add an -s at the end of the verb (some verbs add more than just an -s – see reference at the end)
  • Use the present simple with adverbs of frequency (always, often, sometimes, usually, hardly ever, never).
    • These adverbs go before the main verb but after the verb be:
      • They often play tennis together
      • I am often tired at 10 p.m.
  • Expressions of frequency (every day, once a week, etc.) usually go at the end of a sentence
    • They play tennis twice a week

Present Continuous

Iyou / we / theyhe / she / it
+I am finishing the marketing projectThey are finishing the marketing projectShe is finishing the marketing project
I’m not finishing the marketing projectThey aren’t finishing the marketing projectShe isn’t finishing the marketing project
?Am I finishing the marketing project?Are they finishing the marketing project?Is she finishing the marketing project?
  • We use the present continuous:
    • For things happening at the moment.
    • For temporary situations.
    • To describe a picture.

Present Simple or Continuous

We generally use verbs that describe states or feelings, e.g. want, need, love, in the present simple, not continuous.

  • I love Chinese food
  • I’m loving chinese food

[Recuadro extra]

Present Simple – Third Person Changes
verbs ending inchangeexamples
consonant + y add  iesflies, cries
-s, -ss, -z, -ch, -sh, -x, -u, -oadd -esgoes, watches

Conclusión

Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 4 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.