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Level 5 (CEFR A2+)

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  1. Lesson 1| A million questions
    6 Temas
    |
    7 Cuestionarios
  2. Lesson 2 | Tell me all about them!
    6 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | Writing an Article
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  4. Lesson 4 | They were having dinner when Jack proposed
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | Storyteller
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  6. Lesson 6 | Future Tenses
    6 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  7. Lesson 7 | This season is going to be very interesting
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  8. Lesson 8 | I haven’t seen that in years!
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 | Cinema session
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  10. Lesson 10 | Anything you like
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  11. Lesson 11 | Nothing compares...
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  12. Lesson 12 | World city survey
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  13. Lesson 13 | SKILLS
    4 Temas
  14. Lesson 14 | BBC News
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
Lección 4, Tema 3
En Progreso

Lesson 4 – Step 3 – Combining past continuous with past simple

PROGRESO DE LA LECCIÓN
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Goal

It’s time to learn abou how the past continuous and the past simple work together.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide! Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.


Language Discovery

Look at the phrases in blue in the text in step 1. What do they have in common?

→ They are in the past continuous.

Look at the phrases in green in the text in step 1. What do they have in common? 

→ They are in the past simple.

Past simple

I / you / we / theyhe / she / it
+They knocked on the doorThe telephone rang
They didn’t knock on the doorThe  telephone didn’t ring
?Did they knock on the door?Did  the telephone ring?
  • We use the past simple to talk about an action that took place at a specific time in the past.
  • The past simple form is the same for all persons.
  • To make the past simple of regular verbs add- ED ( see extra table)
  • Many common verbs are irregular (see level 4, lesson 10, step 2)
Lesson 10 – Step 2 – Vocabulary: Irregular Verbs

Past continuous

I /you / we / theyhe / she / it
+They were having dinner He was singing along
They weren’t having dinner He wasn’t singing along
?Were they having dinner ?Was he singing along?
  • We use the past continuous to talk about past actions in progress at a specific time in the past.
  • Use the verb be + gerund .

Past continuous and past simple

We use these tenses together to talk about a short action in the past that interrupts a longer one. We use when, to link both sentences.

Let’s see some example from step 1:

  • He was singing along when the telephone rang.
  • They were having dinner when Jack proposed.

As you can see, when is the connector that links both ideas. You can invert the order of the actions:

  • The telephone rang when he was singing along.
  • Jack proposed when they were having dinner.

Spelling

Rules


InfinitivePastSpelling
work
stay
worked
stayed
add-ed
likelikedadd-d if verb finishes is -e
studystudiedyied after a consonant
poppoppedif verb finishes in con/vow/con→ double the  last consonant

Conclusión

Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 4 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.