Volver al Curso

Level 5 (CEFR A2+)

0% Completado
0/94 Pasos
  1. Lesson 1| A million questions
    6 Temas
    |
    7 Cuestionarios
  2. Lesson 2 | Tell me all about them!
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | Writing an Article
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  4. Lesson 4 | I wasn’t ready when it happened
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | Storyteller
    5 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  6. Lesson 6 | Future Tenses
    6 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  7. Lesson 7 | This season is going to be very interesting
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  8. Lesson 8 | I haven’t seen that in years!
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 | Cinema session
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  10. Lesson 10 | Anything you like
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  11. Lesson 11 | Nothing compares...
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  12. Lesson 12 | World city survey
    6 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  13. Lesson 13 | SKILLS
    4 Temas
  14. Lesson 14 | BBC News
    6 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
Lección 8, Tema 3
En Progreso

Lesson 8 – Step 3 – Deeper into the Present perfect

PROGRESO DE LA LECCIÓN
0% Completado

Goal

It’s time to learn about some new aspects of the present perfect tense.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide! Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.


Language Discovery

Look at the words in blue in the text in step 1. What do they have in common?

  1. They use the present perfect
  2. They describe a finished action in the past 

Look at the words in green in the text in step 1. What do they have in common?

  1. They use the present perfect 
  2. They describe an action that is not finished.

Present Perfect – for and since

Click on the link to see the VIDEO

We use  the present perfect with for and since to describe actions that started in the past and are still true now.

I have lived in this houseUse for + a period of time
I have lived in this house for two years
for a week
for three hours
I have lived in this house Use since + a moment in time
I have lived in this house since last month
since Tuesday
since 2004

Present Perfect – just ,already and yet

We use the present perfect with the words just, already and yet to describe actions that finished in the past but have a significance in the present.

yetuse yet in negative sentences and questions. 

Yet implies there is still time to complete the task.

It’s similar to Spanish “ya” and “todavía

Use yet at the end of a sentence
Have you cleaned your room yet?
I haven’t done it yet.
Ya has limpiado tu habitación?
No la he limpiado todavía.
alreadyUse already in affirmative sentences.

Already implies that the action was finished sooner than expected.

It’s similar to Spanish “ya”.

Use already before the main verb.
I have already cleaned my room.Ya he limpiado mi cuarto
justUse just in affirmative sentences and questions.

Just implies that the action was completed very recently.

It’s similar to Spanish “recién”.

Use just before the main verb
I’ve just cleaned my room.Recién he limpiado mi cuarto.

Now let’s see some examples from Step 1:

Finished actionUnfinished action
He says he has just left the house:
It happened a short time ago
Nobody has cleaned here for two weeks.:
It is still true now
He has already taken the rubbish out:
He did it earlier
It has been dirty since 1995:
It started in 1995 and it is still true now
He hasn’t had the time to do anything else yet.:
He will probably do it later

Conclusión

Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 3 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.