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Level 6 (CEFR A2+)

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  1. Lesson 1 | Writing an Informal Email or Letter
    5 Temas
    1 Cuestionario
  2. Lesson 2 | Uses of the gerund
    7 Temas
    3 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | Wearing the same clothes every day
    5 Temas
  4. Lesson 4 | I Have to Go
    7 Temas
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | You’d better go and see your G.P.
    7 Temas
    4 Cuestionarios
  6. Lesson 6 | Let’s watch a film
    7 Temas
    4 Cuestionarios
  7. Lesson 7 | Writing a review
    5 Temas
  8. Lesson 8 | What would you do?
    6 Temas
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 |
  10. Lesson 10 |
  11. Lesson 11 |
  12. Lesson 12 |
  13. Lesson 13 |
  14. Lesson 14 |
Lección 8, Tema 3
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Lesson 8 – Step 3 – The Second Conditional

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It’s time to learn how to talk about unreal imaginary situations by using the second conditional.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide! Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.

Language Discovery

Look at the phrases in blue in the text in step 1. What do they have in common?

  1.  They use the word If.
  2. They have a verb in the past.

Look at the phrases in green in the text in step 1. What do they have in common?

  1.  They use the word would.
  2. They use a verb in the infinitive

General Notions

We use the second conditional to talk about imaginary situations in the present/future and their possible consequences.


– Give advice
If I were you, I wouldn’t buy that dress.

– Ask hypothetical questions
What would you do if you could fly?

– Imagine impossible situations
If I had a million dollars, I would buy a mansion.

   Structure and examples

Second conditional sentences have two parts (or clauses).

       If + past simple
would + infinitive
If people respected the laws,we wouldn’t have so many COVID cases.
If I had enough money, I would buy a new car. 
If I didn’t have to work so much, I would travel the world.
  • The conditional clause is a completely imaginary situation, something impossible or unlikely to happen.
  • Use the result clause to mention the result of that imaginary situation.

REMEMBER – A second conditional sentence can begin with either   clause, but if it begins with an ‘if’ clause, you need to separate the two clauses with a comma.


Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 3 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.