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Level 7 (CEFR B1)

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  1. Lesson 1 | Is he the One?
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  2. Lesson 2 | I Love Shepherd's Pie
    7 Temas
    |
    2 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | What are you going to do?
    7 Temas
    |
    6 Cuestionarios
  4. Lesson 4 | You have been working too much
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | Eating Out
    5 Temas
    |
    2 Cuestionarios
  6. Lesson 6 | Job search
    7 Temas
  7. Lesson 7 | Consumer society
    7 Temas
    |
    6 Cuestionarios
  8. Lesson 8 | ARTICLES
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 | Obligations, suggestions, and prohibitions
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  10. Lesson 10 | Money
    5 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  11. Lesson 11 | Ability and Possibility
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  12. Lesson 12 | EVERYONE WAS BORED!
    7 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  13. Lesson 13 | Old Me, New Me
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  14. Lesson 14 | He had rehearsed it all…
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  15. Lesson 15 | Let’s Get Sporty!
    6 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  16. Lesson 16 | Narrative - A family trip
    5 Temas
Lección 14, Tema 3
En Progreso

Lesson 14 – Step 3 – The Past Perfect

PROGRESO DE LA LECCIÓN
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Goal

It is time to get to know some more about the past perfect and how to use it together with other past tenses.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide!

Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.


Language Discovery

Let’s answer the questions from step 1.

  1. What do the phrases in blue have in common?

They are all in past perfect  (had + Past Participle Verb).

  1. Do they refer to events happening before or after the audition day?

All the events happened before the audition day.

GENERAL NOTIONS
had + past participle
+

?
I had practised my lines in front of all my friends
I hadn’t practised my lines in front of all my friends
Had I practised my lines in front of all my friends?

Use the past perfect tense when you are talking about the past and want to refer to a previous past action.

When I arrived, they cooked dinner.

(first I arrived and then they cooked dinner)

When I arrived, they had cooked dinner.

(they cooked dinner before I arrived)

The Past Perfect and Other Narrative Tenses

When narrating (telling a story or anecdote) we combine different past tenses – the past simple, the past continuous and the past perfect.

Last night we were going to an ATM to get some money. We stopped next to the ATM and waited in line for nearly 20 minutes. When it was our turn I realised I hadn’t brought my wallet with me!

Use the past continuous to set the scene.
Use the past simple to say what happened.
Use the past perfect to say what happened before the previous action.

Conclusion

Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 4 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.