Volver al Curso

Level 5 (CEFR A2+)

0% Completado
0/108 Pasos
  1. Lesson 1| A million questions
    7 Temas
    |
    7 Cuestionarios
  2. Lesson 2 | Tell me all about them!
    7 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  3. Lesson 3 | Writing an Article
    6 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  4. Lesson 4 | They were having dinner when Jack proposed
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  5. Lesson 5 | Storyteller
    6 Temas
    |
    1 Cuestionario
  6. Lesson 6 | Future Tenses
    7 Temas
    |
    5 Cuestionarios
  7. Lesson 7 | This season is going to be very interesting
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  8. Lesson 8 | I haven’t seen that in years!
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
  9. Lesson 9 | Cinema session
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  10. Lesson 10 | Anything you like
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  11. Lesson 11 | Nothing compares...
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  12. Lesson 12 | World city survey
    7 Temas
    |
    3 Cuestionarios
  13. Lesson 13 | SKILLS
    5 Temas
  14. Lesson 14 | BBC News
    7 Temas
    |
    4 Cuestionarios
Lección 1, Tema 3
En Progreso

Lesson 1 – Step 3 – Word order in questions

PROGRESO DE LA LECCIÓN
0% Completado

Objetivo

It’s time to learn about how to organise words in a question, where  each word goes.

You can watch the video or go straight to the written explanation. You decide! Once you’ve finished, you can move to step 4.


Auxiliary verbs

To ask questions we need Auxiliaries. The auxiliary is like a porter: He carries the information about the verb. It indicates:

1- the tense

2- if the subject is the 3rd person singular

3- if the sentence is affirmative or negative.

The auxiliaries carry some information for the verb

Structure:

(Wh- word) + auxiliary+ subject + infinitive + Complement?

EXAMPLE
|

Do you understand the story?

Does she understand the story?

In the first example, the auxiliary do indicates it is present.

In the second example, the auxiliary does indicates it is the 3rd person singular.

There is one exception: with the verb TO BE. We can call it a Master verb, one that doesn’t need a helper.


The verb to be carries all the information itself .

EXAMPLE
|

Are you ready?

Was she ready?

In the first example the verb be indicates we are using the present tense

In the second example it indicates it is the past tense.

In that case the word order for questions is as follows:

(Wh- word) + be + subject + Complement?

Be vs other verbs in questions

Look at these examples from the exercise in step 1. Pay attention to the word order and the difference between be and other verbs.

  • What do you do  for work?
  • Did you  meet her parents?
  • What is  her favourite colour?
  • Was she your friend?

Can

Can is also an auxiliary verb (like do and did), and it follows the same structure. 

EXAMPLE
|

Can you spell your name?

Here, spell is the main verb and can is the auxiliary.

Do you want to learn some more? You can watch this 20 minute webinar about this topic.

Conclusión

Ready? Terrific! Let’s move on to step 4 to practise what you’ve learnt in this step.